This project addressed policy issues concerned with making more effective use of science, technology and innovation (ST&I) in rural development initiatives that seek to reduce poverty. The research was principally undertaken in India, but also included one case study from Uganda. This report begins with an overview of the research undertaken and outlines what the main implications are for DFID, other international donors, and national policy making bodies. It also discusses some potential follow up activities that DFID might like to consider. Following this are some comments on the project process and the strengths and weaknesses of this. Lists of activities and publications are given in two annexes.