A strong surge in international food prices that began in the first quarter of 2008 affected a large range of commodities including staple crops such as maize. Governments’ responses to the food crisis range from short-term measures including forms of price controls, trade restrictions and food security stocks to facilitating a longer-term supply-side increases in production capacity. In Ghana, current development objectives place a great deal of emphasis on broad-based, pro-poor agricultural growth with an emphasis on the expansion of high-value and export-oriented cash crops and improved production of food crops. The assumption underpinning the Ghana Grains Partnership initiative (a partnership between a number of private and public sector bodies, including the AECF) was an agreed national shortfall of 200,000 – 400,000 metric tonnes of maize and other grains in the country. It is generally agreed that the shortfall can be met through improved efficiencies in the grains value chains if undertaken through a coordinated and market-led value chain development approach supported by the right national policies.