Worldwide, drought affects approximately 23 million hectares of rainfed rice. Varieties combining improved drought resistance with high yield under favorable conditions and quality characteristics preferred by farmers are the most promising and deliverable technologies for alleviating poverty in communities dependent on rainfed rice production. This book describes some of the recent advances in the genetics and physiology of drought resistance and the integration of highly efficient breeding and genetic analysis techniques with functional genomics as a major assault on the problem of improving drought resistance in rice. Featuring contributions from leading international experts, case studies are used to present perspectives on the various multi-disciplinary facets of drought resistance in rice, along with the natural resource management practices it involves and socioeconomic implications that it entails. Readers will be better informed about the topic of improving rice drought resistance in a global environment characterized by increased water scarcities.